Čelo Outdoor Museum

Čelo Outdoor Museum

Outdoor Museums, Portfolio, ProgramDay2
  Outdoor museum Čelo Austro-Hungarian gun positions The outdoor museum Čelo represents gun fortification which was built by the Austro-Hungarian Army on the slope of Mt. Svinjak with an excellent view in the spring of 1915, just before the Italian–Austro-Hungarian encounter. The fortification was part of the Bovec blockade system (Sperre Flitsch) that played an important role in the defence of the valley part of the front line in the Bovec area. The main part of the fortification consists of 200-metre long trench with masoned walls which connects two gun positions with a kitchen, an observation post, two dormitories for 40 men, and a shelter for 20 soldiers. The trench had 150 crenels for riflemen. A beautiful view is offered on Čelo over the Bovec basin, Mt. Rombon and the…
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Mount Sei Busi / Dolina dei 500

Mount Sei Busi / Dolina dei 500

Outdoor Museums, Portfolio, ProgramDay1
  Mt. Sei Busi Fortified Line of Mt. Sei Busi Linea Fortificata del Monte Sei Busi Around the hilltop of Mt. Sei Busi, visitors can observe a section of the so-called "Large Italian trench", a massive fortified defensive line that used to run from Mt. San Michele to the area of Selz, Doberdò del Lago and Monfalcone. Its construction was ordered by Luigi Cadorna, who intended to block counter-attacks of the Austro-Hungarian army. After some early excavations, the Trench was reinforced with pre-stressed concrete between autumn 1916 and spring 1917. However, it proved useless during the Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo: the Third Army rapidly abandoned it indeed, following the offensive of the Austro-Hungarians on the Upper Isonzo and their incursion into the Natisone Valleys, in order to avoid encirclement.…
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Mount Sabotino

Mount Sabotino

Outdoor Museums, Portfolio, ProgramDay5
  Mt. Sabotino This mountain above Gorizia was, due to its strategic position above the Soča, an important Austro-Hungarian bridgehead on the right bank of the river. In the 6th Isonzo Battle in August 1916 the Italian Army conquered Mt. Sabotin, which made the conquest of Gorizia possible. The mountain is crisscrossed with a system of trenches and caves which were built by both the Austro-Hungarian and the Italian armies when they fortified their positions. Its position makes Mt. Sabotin a place of splendid views, also suitable for the cyclists. The view reaches to Mt. Sveta Gora, Mt. Škabrijel, the Vipava valley, the Kras, the Friuli lowland, the Goriška Brda area and the Julian Alps. Because of its turbulent history and natural attractions it is an important tourist destination in…
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Mount San Michele

Mount San Michele

Outdoor Museums, Portfolio, ProgramDay5
  Mt. San Michele The heights of Monte San Michele dominated the Carso battlefield on the north-eastern frontier between Italy and Austria-Hungary.  The Italians attempted to take the hills five times between June 1915 and August 1916 until they were finally successful in the 6th Battle of the Isonzo. They were forced to give them up in November 1917 during the retreat following the Battle of Caporetto.   Read everything about hte battle of San Michele in our blog: Monte San Michele (part 1 of 3) Monte San Michele (part 2 of 3)
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Theme Parc Great War

Theme Parc Great War

Outdoor Museums, Portfolio, ProgramDay1
  Parco Tematico Grande Guerra On the Karst hills behind Monfalcone you can visit the Theme Park of the Great War. Spread over an area of 4 square kilometres, it was opened to the public in 2005 and offers visitors three different itineraries to explore this historical war zone, where several battles were fought between June 1915 and May 1917. Provided with excellent facilities and clear routes, the park can be safely visited even by less-experienced hikers. Unlike other open-air museums that are usually structured along a single route with several stops, the Monfalcone Theme Park of the Great War offers three different itineraries that can be visited all together or individually, depending on the time available. Each itinerary is clearly marked and provided with information panels; visitors can enjoy…
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Kolovrat Mountain

Kolovrat Mountain

Outdoor Museums, Portfolio, ProgramDay6
  Kolovrat Kolovrat is about 3.5 km long mountain ridge with the elevations of about ~ 1100 m and is spanning in direction east-west above the right bank of Soča River. On the ridge of Kolovrat, east from the Livške Ravne settlement is a borderline between Italy and Slovenia. From the ridge are panoramic vistas to Julian Alps on the north and Veneto area all the way to the Adriatic Sea. In a time of the First World War the Italian Army built a network of fortified trenches, caverns, and artillery positions named »linea d' armata«. Italian army was monitoring the mountain battlefields  on the left bank of Soča River between towns Tolmin and Kobarid. The east most area of Kolovrat between summits of Tinški vrh (1,136 m) and Na Gradu…
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Ravelnik Outdoor Museum

Ravelnik Outdoor Museum

Outdoor Museums, Portfolio, ProgramDay2
  Ravelnik Austro-Hungarian first line of defence in the Bovec area. After the Italian occupation of Bovec in August 1915, the Austro-Hungarian Army further reinforced its first line of defence at the eastern rim of the Bovec basin, especially across two hills: Ravelnik (519 m) and Stržišče (486 m). The two elevations form a natural blockade which was changed by the Austro-Hungarian soldiers by means of fortified positions, caves and trenches to the pillar of their defence. An outdoor museum is arranged on the slope of Mt. Ravelnik in the area of the onetime Austro-Hungarian first line of defence. A circular path connects the cleansed and restored trenches and connection tunnels, pillboxes, caves, machine-gun emplacements and reconstructed cabins. There are a lot of remains in this relatively small area.
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