Kobarid Historical Trail
The trail connects placesThe Kobarid historical trail (arhiv www.dolina-soce.com) around Kobarid where important historical, cultural and natural monuments can be seen.
The trail is 5 km long, and the tour takes three to five hours.
KOBARID, one of the most renowned historical places in Slovenia, was already inhabited in the Hallstat period and prospered in the Roman period. The town is mainly known for the aftermath of the Battle of Kobarid in October 1917, which placed Kobarid on the world map. During the Second World War, Kobarid was the centre of the liberated territory, called the Kobarid Republic. Nearby is an important late Antiquity mountain settlement called Tonocov Grad.
The Kobarid Museum presents the story of these historical events and in 1993 it received the Council of Europe Museum Prize.
The nearby Soča offers excellent possibilities for kayaking, rafting, fishing and other water sports.
The surrounding mountains offer superb conditions for hiking, gliding, mountain biking and mountaineering.
Kobarid is also the culinary capital of the Primorska Region, since it boasts many excellent restaurants.
Tonocov grad (arhiv www.dolina-soce.com)Tonocov Grad Hill is a rocky elevation near Kobarid. Due to its naturally secure position, there was a settlement on its top for many centuries.
It was settled from the Copper Age until the Middle Ages. The settlement’s heyday was in the late Roman, or late Antiquity, period, between the 4th and the 6th centuries AD. Towards the end of the 5th century, a settlement with over twenty houses and several churches stood on the hill.
The remains of the buildings are in excellent state of perservation. These remains and rich archaeological finds rank Tonocov Grad among the most important late Antiquity mountain settlements in the eastern Alps.
Italian Line of Defence
From Tonocov Grad a path which had been used already by the ancient natives and was partly completed by the Italian soldiers during the First World War leads to the river Soča.
During the First World War, the Italian Army built three lines of defence in the Soča Region. A part of the third line of defence ran along the right and the left bank of the Soča. The historical trail leads us through trenches, forts and buildings intended for the defence of the passage across the Soča and of the roads on the right bank of the river.